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- Concussion Signs and Symptoms: The diagnosis of acute concussion usually involves the assessment of a range of factors, including symptoms (reported by the athlete), physical signs and behavior (observed by trainers, coaches, other athletes and parents), balance, and sleep and cognition (orientation to time and place, concentration and immediate memory). If any of the following signs or problems is present, a head injury should be suspected and appropriate management, including monitoring for deterioration begun.
- Concussions. Parents’ Important Role in Evaluation, Recovery: Along with teachers and other school personnel such as coaches, a parent is a “critical participant” in a child’s treatment and recovery from a suspected concussion, including decisions about return to school, return to sports/recreation and return to everyday social and home activity. For a parent’s checklist, click here.
- Return to Play for Kids After Concussions: Take It Step By Step. Experts recommend a five-step return to play process after a concussive episode of rest and a stepwise return to game play (light aerobic exercise, sport-specific exercise, non-contact drills, full contact drills, medical clearance and then game play). Children and adolescents may require a longer rest period and/or extended period of non-contact exercise than adults because children and teens experience a different physiological response to concussion than adults, take longer to recover, and have other unique risk factors.